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by Mike Vestil 

What Fees Should You Expect When Starting An LLC In Maine?

Are you ready to start a business in Maine? The process is straightforward, but there are some essential steps that you need to take before you can officially open your doors. In this blog post, I will explain the costs involved, the process to follow and provide some helpful tips to ensure everything goes as smoothly as possible.

How To Create An LLC In Maine

The first step to creating an LLC in Maine is to head to the Secretary of State's website and fill out the “Application for Authority” form. This form needs to include basic information such as the name and address of your LLC (you might want to check beforehand that the desired name is available), along with identifying information about its members and managers. You will also need to provide an address for any future correspondence from the Secretary of State.

Once you have filled out this form, ensure you attach a Customer Contact Cover Letter containing all contact details such as your name, address, phone number, fax number, email address, etc. The letter should also include any additional information or requests regarding your application. Once you have completed all these steps, you can submit your application and the filing fee of $175.

It usually takes two to three weeks for your application to be processed by the Secretary of State. However, this time frame may vary depending on how busy they are at any given moment.

Crafting An LLC Name That Stands Out

When it comes to naming your limited liability company in the state of Maine, there are specific rules and regulations you must abide by. 

All names must contain either “limited liability company,” “limited company,” or their respective abbreviations - L.L.C., LLC, L.C. However, there is a way to ensure that your chosen LLC name stands out from the crowd while still adhering to these rules.

For an LLC name to be accepted in Maine, it must adhere to the 31 ME Rev. Stat. This means no words that could make it appear as another entity, such as Corporation, Incorporated, or Limited Partnership, are allowed. The same goes for any terms implying government affiliation, such as FBI or Treasury. 

Reserving Your LLC’s Identity In Maine

Form MLLC-1 allows you to reserve a name for up to 12 months. With this form, your LLC will receive an official document confirming the reservation of the specified title. 

This gives you peace of mind that someone else won’t take it. Once registered with the state, you can also create an alternate assumed name (e.g., DBA Name) via Form MLLC-5.  This form provides legal recognition of the assumed name and allows you to transact business under it without formally amending your Articles of Organization.

Suppose you need verification that your LLC exists and is in good standing with the state government. In that case, the Maine Secretary of State makes it easy to obtain certified copies for only $5 each or a Certificate of Existence/Maine certificate of good standing for just $30! These documents prove that your company is valid and authorized to conduct business within the state.

Protect Your Privacy With A Professional Registered Agent In Maine

One of the most important aspects of forming and operating a Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) in Maine is having a registered professional agent. A registered agent is someone (or an entity) who serves as the official representative for your LLC.

This entity receives critical legal documents on behalf of your LLC. Investing in a registered professional agent is an easy yet effective way to protect your privacy, ensuring that your personal information remains off public records and out of reach from prying eyes.

Having a registered professional agent lets you keep your confidential and secure information private. As the official representative for your LLC, they will be responsible for forwarding any legal documents received to you promptly so that you can take appropriate action. You don’t have to worry about missing any important notices or documents related to your business.

A registered professional agent also provides additional benefits such as access to helpful resources, like templates for standard forms and documents related to corporate filings, and access to legal counsel if needed. They also help ensure that all requirements are met when filing paperwork to maintain compliance with state laws and regulations. This saves time and money by reducing the likelihood of errors or delays due to incorrect paperwork or missed deadlines.

Whether you choose an individual or company as your registered agent, make sure they are reliable and trustworthy so that you can rest assured knowing they will handle any legal matters professionally and efficiently. When choosing your registered agent, it’s essential to find someone knowledgeable about business law in Maine and with experience dealing with corporate filings. It’s also crucial that they have the resources available to properly handle any legal documents received on behalf of your LLC.

Why An LLC Operating Agreement Is Necessary For Your Business

If you’ve decided to form an LLC (limited liability company) to run your business, you must have an LLC operating agreement. This document provides the legal framework necessary to ensure that everyone involved knows their responsibilities and how decisions will be made.

An LLC operating agreement is a written contract between the members of an LLC that outlines how the business will be run and managed. It should include details such as the following:

  • what are each member's rights
  • the roles and obligations
  • how profits, losses, and taxes will be handled
  • what happens if a member leaves
  • and other similar matters.

Though this document isn’t filed with any state or governmental body, it should remain secure alongside other essential documents. After all, an LLC’s operations hinge on firmly establishing these rules.

Without an operating agreement in place, you have no recourse if something goes wrong or someone violates the terms of their involvement in the company—and this could lead to costly disputes down the line. 

An operating agreement also protects members from personal liability should anything happen with the business itself. Furthermore, it serves as evidence in court that your business is indeed a legally-recognized entity separate from its members—which can help avoid taxation issues later on down the road.

What Is An EIN And How Can It Help Your LLC?

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a unique nine-digit number that the IRS assigns to new businesses. It's also used to identify a corporation for tax purposes and provides extra protection when setting up your Limited Liability Company (LLC). Applying for an EIN with the IRS is the quickest way to obtain a number, and most banks require it before they will open business accounts.

An employer identification number is required if you need to pay taxes as a corporation or hire employees. If you are filing taxes as a single-member LLC, you may not need one, but it's best to check with the IRS or speak with your accountant for more information. You may also need an EIN if you plan to open a business bank account or apply for a loan secured by the Small Business Administration (SBA). It's important to remember that even if you don't technically need an EIN, obtaining one is still wise to protect yourself from potential legal liability issues should things go wrong.

Having an EIN provides extra protection for your business and peace of mind in knowing that your finances are handled properly and securely. It also helps prevent identity theft since only authorized personnel can access this information. 

Additionally, having an employer identification number gives lenders more confidence when considering loans since they can easily verify that your financial records are up-to-date and accurate. Finally, having an EIN can make filing taxes easier since your business expenses will already be organized under one unique identifier.

The process of obtaining an EIN is also quite simple. All you have to do is fill out Form SS-4, which can be found online on the IRS website. Once you've completed the form, submit it online, and the IRS will assign you an employer identification number within minutes. 

Remember that this number must be kept strictly confidential. Do not share it with anyone other than those responsible for filing your corporate taxes and other official paperwork associated with your LLC.

Setting Up A Bank Account For Your Maine LLC

To set up a bank account in Maine and ensure your business runs smoothly, keeping your personal and corporate finances distinct by opening a separate account for your LLC is essential.

To do so, you first need the Certificate of Formation, which the Maine Secretary of State issues after the LLC has been registered. This certifies that your company exists and allows it to conduct business in Maine. You also need an Operating Agreement, which outlines the rules and regulations of how the company should be run and any limitations or restrictions on members' rights. If there is more than one member in the LLC, you may need an additional Resolution from each member authorizing one person to open and maintain the bank account on behalf of all members. Finally, it would be best if you had an EIN (Employer Identification Number) issued by the IRS when you registered your LLC.

Once you have all these documents, take them with you when visiting your preferred banking institution. The institution will use this paperwork to verify who owns the business and will ask for additional information, such as contact information for all members and a government-issued photo ID from each person listed on the account's signature card.

Once everything is ready and approved, you can fund your new LLC bank account with money from other budgets or by depositing checks made to you or your LLC. 

It’s essential to ensure that all deposits are documented in detail. All expenses should also be tracked carefully and deposited into this account, so there is no question about where money has been spent within the industry.

What Is LLC Membership Interest?

One key concept when forming an LLC is LLC membership interest. Membership interest refers to the percentage ownership each member of an LLC has in the company itself. For example, if two people form an LLC together, they may decide that one will own 20% of the company and the other will own 80%. This decision would be reflected in their respective membership interests. Having this understanding going into your venture is essential, so everyone knows what they are getting into.

Non-Financial Contributions Are Valid Too

You don’t always need to “invest” money to become an LLC member – contributions can come from property or services rendered by members. These non-financial investments can still have tax implications for those involved, so be sure to research before making any commitments.

The Importance Of Keeping Good Records

Recordkeeping is critical when tracking your membership interests (especially when dealing with non-financial investments). Make sure that all contributions made by members are appropriately documented and tracked throughout their involvement in the LLC – this will help you keep track of everyone’s investment and make filing taxes a much easier process down the line.

The Annual Report Deadline For Your Maine LLC

An annual report is an update that must be filed every year with the Secretary of State’s office. It requires businesses to provide current information on their business activities and ownership structure. This requirement aims to ensure that critical details about a company are accurate and up-to-date in the state records.

To comply with state regulations, businesses must file annual reports by the due date. This costs $85. Failing to do so can result in costly fines and penalties. Additionally, suppose pieces remain delinquent for 65 days. In that case, your LLC will automatically dissolve without warning from the state – leaving you without any legal protections or benefits associated with running a business entity.

The deadline to submit your annual report is June 1st, so be sure not to miss this date, or you may face a $50 late fee. 

Fortunately, filing an annual report does not have to be complicated or time-consuming. The process can be completed online through Maine’s Business Services website using your login credentials from when you initially created your LLC. Follow all the steps provided on the website and ensure all information entered is accurate and up-to-date before submitting your report online. 

Remember that while most pieces can be submitted electronically, some paper reports may still require physical delivery. So always double-check what type of filing option works best for you before making any payments or sending documents off to the state offices for processing.

Dissolving Your Maine LLC In Just Three Steps

If things aren’t going as planned, dissolving a Maine LLC might be the only option. The good news is that dissolving a Maine LLC is a straightforward process.

All it takes is completing the Certificate of Cancellation (MLLC-11C) form and a small fee. But before you file, take care of those final details, such as closing bank accounts and tax registrations. Here’s a simple three-step guide to help dissolve your Maine LLC.

  • Notify Clients, Creditors, and Employees: Before you take any legal action, make sure to notify your clients, creditors, and employees that you are officially winding down your business. This will help ensure that everyone knows you are taking steps toward dissolution. You can also include contact information for any new business venture if applicable.
  • Close All Bank Accounts and Tax Registrations: Once all outstanding payments have been processed, close all associated bank accounts. This will prevent any further charges or fees from accruing in the future. Additionally, cancel all relevant tax registrations with the appropriate departments or agencies, such as sales taxes or employer identification numbers.
  • File The Certificate of Cancellation (MLLC-11C): After taking care of the above steps, complete the Certificate of Cancellation (MLLC-11C). This form can be found on the Secretary of State's website and must be accompanied by a filing fee of $35. Once complete, submit everything along with payment to the Secretary of State office in Augusta.


Forming an LLC in Maine is a relatively straightforward process. With these steps and guidelines, you’ll be well on your way to creating an LLC, knowing the costs involved.

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About the author 

Mike Vestil

Mike Vestil is an author, investor, and speaker known for building a business from zero to $1.5 million in 12 months while traveling the world.

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